Father of Surgery
Royal Australasian College of Surgeons has kept the statue of sage Sushrut at their head office in Melbourne, addressing him as Father of Surgery.
Imagine if AIIMS had installed his statue in their premises, it would be called communal.
When the rest of the world was struggling to find food,
Bharat was progressed in Science.
Sage Sushrut had found many types of treatments and surgeries.
The Suśruta-Saṃhitā (works of Sushruta) is one of the most important surviving ancient treatises on medicine and is considered a foundational text of Medicine.
The Suśruta-saṃhitā, in its 184 chapters contains descriptions of
◆ 1,120 illnesses,
◆ 700 medicinal plants,
◆ 64 preparations from mineral sources and
◆ 57 preparations based on animal sources.
The text discusses surgical techniques of
● making incisions,
● extraction of foreign bodies,
● alkali and thermal cauterization,
● tooth extraction,
● excisions, and
● trocars for draining abscess,
● draining hydrocele and ascitic fluid,
● removal of the prostate gland,
● urethral stricture dilatation,
● hernia surgery,
● caesarian section,
● management of haemorrhoids,
● laparotomy and
● management of intestinal obstruction,
● perforated intestines and
● accidental perforation of the abdomen with protrusion of omentum and
● the principles of fracture management, viz., traction, manipulation, apposition and stabilization including some measures of rehabilitation and
● fitting of prosthetic.
It enumerates six types of dislocations, twelve varieties of fractures, and
classification of the bones and their reaction to the injuries, and
gives a classification of eye diseases including cataract surgery.
How many Indians knew him??